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Meet our directors

Click the links below to see the HMUN China 2017 directors who will represent each of the HMUN China organs:

General Assembly

The General Assembly (GA) contains the five largest committees at HMUN China 2017, and it is the place where each of the 193 member states of the UN come together to discuss pressing issues that affect many countries across multiple continents. These issues range from disarmament and security to international law, health, and development. Debate in the GA is spirited, as delegates must balance their responsibilities to their respective nations, allies, and the committee as a whole. Delegates emerge from a GA committee with a thorough understanding of the promises and pitfalls of international diplomacy.

Disarmament and International Security Committee

Director: Sunaina Danziger

Topic Area Summaries

A Letter from the Director

Special Political and Decolonization Committee

Director: Erin Oliveri

Topic Area Summaries

A Letter from the Director

Economic and Social Council & Regional Bodies

The Economic and Social Council at HMUN China 2017 includes the medium-sized councils, commissions, and programmes of the UN, which tackle issues of development, human rights, culture, economics, and trade. The Regional Bodies include both UN and non-UN committees that are made up of countries from specific regions, and discuss topics more specifically pertinent to those regions.

Futuristic Shanghai Cooperation Organization, 2025

Director: Gabe Grand

Topic Area Summaries

A Letter from the Director

Specialized Agencies

The Specialized Agencies (SA) is home to the most creative and imaginative committees of HMUN China 2017. Traditionally, committees in the SA are smaller and more intense than those of the other organs. They require all delegates to respond quickly and decisively to crises, and allow each member of the committee to play a critical role in advancing his or her own interests, fashioning meaningful debate, and crafting peaceful and innovative solutions. The SA committees together span a wide range of topics, time periods and regions of the globe, and individually move very quickly due to their relative size and skill level.

Dear Delegates,

I am beyond excited to welcome you to HMUN China 2017 as your director for the first committee of the General Assembly, the Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)! My name is Sunaina Danziger and I was born and bred in New York City. I am a sophomore concentrating in History with a secondary in Spanish literature.

I participated in Model UN all throughout high school, and am so excited to (attempt to) transfer my amazing experience with MUN to you! Model UN, New York, and my own international identity have allowed me to see myself as part of a global whole, and I could hardly be more thrilled to expand my horizon to China. Outside of Model UN and the International Relations Council at Harvard, I write for the Harvard Political Review, and am a member of the club tennis team. In my spare time, I enjoy running along the Charles River, reading good novels, piano, and religiously following politics and sports.

My history background certainly drove my interest in our topic area, “Military Intervention in Transnational Conflict.” Our topic speaks to an evolving international order, the viability of the nation state, and the role of international bodies in maintaining peace and security. The issues are challenging and contentious, but are certain to provide and intellectually stimulating and above-all fun experience for all delegates. I encourage you to research well and think carefully about your individual country policies.

Please do not hesitate at all to reach out to me at any point before the conference with any questions and to introduce yourself to me—I would love to hear from you!


Sunaina Danziger
Director, Disarmament and International Security Committee

Class year: 2019

Hometown: New York City, NY

Favorite place: Central Park, NYC

Most desired next destination: Berlin, Germany

Favorite food: Either French or Italian food (or anything chocolate)

Favorite MUN moment: Attending HMUN Boston three times as a delegate!

Song that plays when I walk into committee: World Leader Pretend by R.E.M.

Advice for new delegates: Whether you're a seasoned MUN veteran, or have never participated in MUN before, you are capable of making an impact on committee, even as large a committee as DISEC. Research well, think about creative solutions, and make sure your voice is heard by giving speeches and collaborating to write draft resolutions.

Topic Area: Military Intervention in Transnational Conflict

Throughout the majority of the twentieth century, foreign intervention was carried out by individual nation states. During the Cold War, the world was divided between American and Soviet spheres of influence and the non-aligned “Third-World”: military intervention centered primarily around each superpower attempting to buttress a potential ally and expand its sphere of influence. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States became the sole superpower, and the international community entrusted with redefining the parameters for foreign military intervention. The international community’s failure to respond to the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, and a NATO-led intervention in the 1997 Bosnian Civil War, established the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P) as a guideline for military intervention when a government has failed to protect its civilians. Yet this human rights-based approach to military intervention largely failed to situate itself as a paradigm for international intervention, as the 2000s were marked by unilateral intervention or, at times, a failure to intervene under circumstances that, according to R2P, necessitated intervention.

The escalation of the Syrian civil war in the aftermath of the Arab Spring brought questions surrounding when and how to intervene to the forefront of the international community. What constitutes a just cause for intervention, and which actors—be they individual nation states, UN bodies, or other multilateral organizations—ought to carry out intervention? Syria, the rise of ISIS, and the European refugee crisis suggest the degree to which twenty-first century warfare is innately transnational, which demands the international community reconsider and restructure its approach to military intervention.

Note: The Disarmament and International Security Committee is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

My name is Erin Olivieri, and it is my distinct honor and pleasure to serve as the Director of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee for Harvard Model United Nations China 2017. I and the rest of the conference staff wish to extend a warm welcome as you join us in Beijing this March.

To tell you a bit about me, I am currently a sophomore at Harvard College, studying Government with a secondary field in Astrophysics. These two topics are exactly as disparate as they sound, but we are going to be exploring one of the major intersections between them throughout this committee. In the theme of dichotomies, I was born on Long Island (suburban New York) and moved to Montana (rural, mountainous area) when I was ten years old, two places which are just about as different as Government and Astrophysics are. I cannot wait to get to know a little bit about each of you in the next few months!

Our topic area for this committee is, at its core, a question of the legitimacy of government practices and the role of both the UN and international relations more broadly. We will consider the tangible and intangible in political legitimacy as it applies to post-war failed states. Across this topic, I am committed to fostering the most accessible and substantively excellent committee that I possibly can in the mission of HMUN China 2017. Please feel free to reach out to me if you have any questions or concerns in the coming weeks, or if you want to introduce yourself. Otherwise, I cannot wait to see you all in March!


Erin M. Olivieri
Director, Special Political and Decolonization Committee

Class year: 2019

Hometown: Butte, MT

Favorite place: Venice, Italy

Most desired next destination: Beijing, China!

Favorite food: Grapes

Favorite MUN moment: This past year at HMUN Boston, I had the opportunity to direct the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, where we discussed the cleanup of space debris. We had managed to convince Neil Degrasse Tyson to record a crisis video for us, and watching the delegates' faces when he addressed the room with "Delegates to the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs" was absolutely incredible (as was getting to write the script for him!)

Advice for new delegates: Just stay calm (easier said than done). Experienced delegates can definitely be intimidating, but remember: they were new to this activity once, too! If you're nervous talking in front of a crowd, feel free to push your ideas in unmoderated caucus or one-on-one with other delegates through notes. Absolutely everyone can contribute amazing perspectives to any issue being debated, and that is not a quality dependent upon the number of years you have been doing this. Also, do not hesitate to talk to the dais if you're feeling uncomfortable before or during conference. In the end, we are here to make sure that you get as much out of HMUN China as you can, and that you have a weekend of building memories!

Topic Area: Supporting Political Capacity in Post-Conflict and Decolonized States

Political capacity of a state constitutes its ability to develop and support institutions that not only administer the government machinery but also sustain the political order and collective decision-making process. Coupled with questions of self-determination and choice of government system, the challenge of developing political capacity is unique to every state. Ultimately, the mark of a high political capacity state is one whose political situation is stable enough to also nurture sustainable economic, legal, social and civic institutions. Post-conflict and decolonized states in particular face challenges to improving their political capacity. Given their often-precarious political, economic, and social circumstances they require assistance from the international community to stabilize conditions. This assistance can come from various independent and collective efforts. However, given the United Nations vast resources and experience in providing electoral and state capacity building assistance it is time for the Fourth Committee of the UN General Assembly to discuss how international framework for building political capacity can be established.

Note: The Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian Committee is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to HMUN China 2017! My name is Sarah Anderson, and I am extremely excited to serve as Director for the World Health Organization (WHO). This committee will be an exciting exploration in interdisciplinary problem-solving and international diplomacy.

I am very much looking forward to returning to HMUN China, after directing DISEC last year. I’ve also directed committees at HMUN and HNMUN in Boston, compete on the American collegiate MUN circuit, and currently serve as the Under-Secretary-General for the General Assembly for Harvard National Model United Nations 2017. Before college, I participated on the Asian international circuit as both a delegate and a chair for five years. Outside engaging with Model United Nations, I participate in a high school IR education service program, strategize for the International Relations Council, and dance in the Harvard-Radcliffe Modern Dance Company. I will be concentrating in Government, with a possible secondary concentration in Neurobiology; I’m also a pre-medical student. I’m originally from Singapore, which has warm weather and mouthwatering food that I frequently long for.

This year, the WHO will be debating “Wartime Social Psychology.” This topic combines neuroscience, psychology, international relations, and sociology. Although challenging, the interdisciplinary nature of the topic is a unique opportunity for delegates to explore their own interests within the realm of Model UN. The committee will certainly present an intellectually rewarding and fun-filled experience for delegates of all backgrounds.

I look forward to meeting all of you at the conference! Please feel free to reach out to me with any questions you may have.

Warm Regards,

Sarah Anderson
Director, World Health Organization

Class year: 2018

Hometown: Singapore

Favorite place: Henderson Waves Bridge, Singapore

Most desired next destination: Barcelona

Favorite food: Xiao Long Bao

Favorite MUN moment: Seeing delegations cheer for each other at closing ceremonies

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Pretty Boy Swag - Flo Rida

Advice for New Delegates Do good research! If you're confident about what you're proposing, speeches and caucusing are much less daunting.

Topic Area: Wartime Social Psychology

As explosions rattle battlefields in far-off lands, it is easy to ignore the shockwaves rippling through home territories. After all, while the physical casualties of war may be many, the psychological injuries can be countless. During times of violent conflict, it is crucial that involved governments be mindful of the hearts and minds of their citizens.

The psychological effects of war are multifaceted and manifold. This topic will cover phenomena from panic to post-traumatic stress disorder, examining how civilians can be consoled in wartime. It will be important to consider the prevention, curing, and long-term recovery of such conditions in order to lessen the negative impacts of war on whole societies. Over time, stabilizing the national psyche may allow for greater international peace.

On the other hand, the WHO will also need to consider how to prevent wartime social psychology from being exploited. Corrupt or authoritarian governments may take advantage of the “rally around the flag” effect, using extreme wartime patriotism for self-interested political causes. Additionally, non-state actors may radicalize discontent civilians, threatening exacerbated conflict. The issue of Wartime Social Psychology is one that has yet to be thoroughly explored by the international community; yet, it has major consequences for global order.

Note: The World Trade Organization is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

I'm honored to serve as your Director for the World Trade Organization this year. I warmly welcome you, and your delegations, to the Harvard Model United Nations China conference, 2017.

I'm currently a sophomore at Harvard College, and I anticipate concentrating in Social Studies, with a secondary in Economics and/or a citation in French. I'm from the sunny hinterlands of California's Silicon Valley, where my second language was C. Growing up around such a heavy emphasis on tech, I've developed a concern for the people spun out and cast aside by the relentless march of progress, be it in domestic or international, technological or political. I've done research and published a paper on how education, as a humanitarian and grassroots-level institution, can be wielded to bring the sidelined back into public attention. That's also why I'm so excited to study Social Studies and, importantly, to run this committee, both at the convergence of the two large contravening, though often constructive, forces of societies: the mass and the elite.

I dearly look forward to seeing you in 2017, getting to know you, and hearing your well-thought and creative ideas in committee. Never hesitate to reach out to me for questions, or for small talk. I impatiently await the opportunity to build our discussions and HMUN China's longtime, continuing mission.


Sidney Li
Director, World Trade Organization

Class year: 2019

Hometown: San Jose, California

Favorite place: California

Most desired next destination: Guangzhou, Guangdong

Favorite food: Schnitzel

Favorite MUN moment: Model UN is a simulation of the UN, so you might think that, with all the research you've done and all the debate you've gotten through, that your policies would actually be enacted, or that at least the future might follow the course of your committee. Of course, it's rare that that ever happens, but if it does, it's eerie and magical. I remember playing Egyptian general Abdel Fatah el-Sisi in an Egyptian Revolution committee back in 2012, by the end of which I had taken over Egypt in a finely orchestrated coup and ousting of the nascent government. Needless to say, less than half a year later, the exact thing happened in real life Egypt. (The next year my mafia committee took over New York. Happily, that wasn't the case.)

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Alors On Danse

Advice for new delegates: Model UN is just like any other activity you've participated in—it's a chance to socialize and learn from people who think like you and who want to know more about the same things as you. Let each session of the conference be an experiment, a place to focus and shape your thoughts on an issue you intensely care about. The value of Model UN comes from the fact that it's serially a place to learn, argue, lead, advocate, and act for their own sake. By focusing on how well you can wield those skills in committee, you will make the most of your experience here, and you will leave HMUN feeling shaped and confident.

Topic Area: Beijing Round of WTO Trade Negotiations, 2017

The Doha round of WTO trade negotiations in 2001 was the WTO’s attempt to lock in trade liberalization and offer potentially enormous welfare gains for the world’s poorest people. However, the project failed. Now, Doha has been scrapped and you must start again.

You will have to address the controversial topics that delegates at Doha failed to deal with. Agricultural subsidies block the developing world from large markets; can a compromise be reached on these export subsidies? Can the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) be made more flexible to allow the developing world better access to medicines, but also prevent abuse in courts? How should the WTO move towards expanding clean energy provision without subsidies being used as an economic weapon?

However, the world has changed since 2001 and new issues must be addressed. Should the WTO offer a stance on reform or abolition of investor-state dispute settlements, which many argue violate sovereignty? To prevent currency manipulation damaging international trade, should regulation of policies affecting exchange rates be included in future agreements? As delegates, you will have to consider these questions, as well as how could they be implemented and enforced.

Note: The World Trade Organization is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

As your Director for the United Nations Global Compact, it is my honor to welcome you to the General Assembly at the 7th session of Harvard Model United Nations China.

This committee is unique among General Assembly committees in that it gives delegates the opportunity to represent not only United Nations Member States, but a broad range of non-state actors including multi-national corporations, non-governmental organizations, and academic institutions. I am confident that the diversity of voices in this committee will make it a uniquely enriching educational experience, and I look forward to sharing it with you in March.

Please know that I am excited to serve as a resource for delegates. Whether this is your first time or your last time as a delegate, feel free to reach out to me with any and all questions. I cannot wait to meet you!


Colin Mark
Director,United Nations Globl Compact

Class year: 2017

Hometown: New York City, USA

Favorite place: New York, NY

Most desired next destination: HMUN China

Favorite food: Cheesecake

Favorite MUN moment: At HMUN India 2015, I was asked to pretend to be the President of the prominent non-governmental organization Doctors Without Borders. One of the delegates did not realize I was only acting, and he sincerely believed that I was the leader of this organization. For the next several days, he continued to ask me questions about Doctors Without Borders until I understood his misconception and assured him I was just a committee Director, not President of Doctors Without Borders.

Song that plays when I walk into committee: "Seeya" - Deadmau5

Advice for new delegates: Team up with likeminded delegates! The most common mistake I see new delegates make is believing that they are supposed to debate against all of the other delegates in the room. You will have so much more fun in committee–and gain so much more–if you work with a group of other delegates (a "bloc" in MUN terms) on a working paper, and later on a draft resolution, and endeavor as a team to get your draft resolution passed by the committee.

Topic Area: Corporate Social Responsibility

If Walmart, the world’s largest company by revenue, were a country, it would rank 25th in the world in terms of GDP—higher than every African country except for Nigeria, which would rank 24th. The company employs more people than there are citizens of Botswana.

In a world in which many multi-national corporations have more wealth, more power, and more influence than certain United Nations Member States, it no longer makes sense to view the world as simply a collection of sovereign states. The global political economy today is a patchwork of states, international organizations, multinational corporations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and social movements. The problems it faces cannot be addressed by the governments of states alone.

Enter the UN Global Compact, an initiative bringing together thousands of non-state actors, including corporations, NGOs, academic institutions, and business associations. The UNGC works with this diverse group of actors to push businesses to become more ethical, sustainable, and socially impactful.

This year at HMUN China, delegates in the UN Global Compact committee will have the opportunity to represent not only the Member States of the UN’s Economic and Social Council, but also prominent corporations, NGOs, and other actors with a stake in the promotion of responsible business. Delegates will be tasked with building on the UNGC’s Ten Principles of corporate responsibility to develop a comprehensive framework for a socially responsible global political economy. This framework will address issues including but not limited to the ethical treatment of laborers, the institutionalization of corruption, and the political power of large corporations.

Note: The United Nations Global Compact is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

My name is Charlene Hong, and I am a senior at Harvard College, studying Social Studies and writing a thesis on the political activism of Korean university students. Originally from Nashville, Tennessee, in the United States, I live for sweet tea and Southern cooking, but the only country music I bump is Taylor Swift. I am deeply involved with the Harvard International Relations Council, staffing Harvard’s Model UN conferences in Boston, China, and Latin America, and competing at other college Model UN conferences as a former head delegate for the traveling team, ICMUN. Last year, I served on Secretariat for HMUN China. This year marks my 3rd HMUN China, and my fourth time back to China!

Outside of Model UN, you can find me working for Circle of Women, an entirely student-run non-profit that aims to expand educational opportunities for girls in developing countries, reading fashion blogs, and exploring cute cafes.

I am beyond excited to welcome delegates to the United Nations Human Rights Council, and to help create a dynamic, fun, and educational committee experience. This committee offers delegates the chance to engage with a myriad of challenges in relation to preserving human rights, from evaluating the effectiveness of long-running UN peacekeeping missions and investigating peace and stability in a region that has long suffered from ethnic division and civil war. Please don't hesitate to reach out to me with any questions about the committee. I can’t wait to meet you and to welcome you all to HMUN China 2017!


Charlene Hong
Director, United Nations Human Rights Council

Class year: 2017

Hometown: Nashville, Tennessee

Favorite place: Seoul

Most desired next destination: Paris

Favorite food: Coffee and Dessert

Favorite MUN moment: When my co-Head Delegate and I won best delegate in the United Nations Security Council at our last conference as head delegates

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Famous by Kanye West

Advice for new delegates:Introduce yourself to as many of your fellow delegates as possible. HMUN attracts the brightest people of your generation and is a fantastic opportunity for you to have the most interesting conversations you'll ever have in your life. Paying attention in committee and getting to know other delegates will help you to improve your skills as a delegate through learning by example. Most importantly, have fun!

Topic Area: Crimes Against Humanity, Darfur

The main conflict that faces the United Nations Human Rights Council is the continued instability and crimes against humanity in Darfur. The government of Sudan and Darfur-based rebel groups signed the Darfur Peace Agreement in 2011. However, the peace agreement has unraveled as fighting between the Janjaweed militias and rebel groups has continued to escalate. Disputes over land and tribal differences have incited violence in the forms of genocide and attacks on villages, and thousands of people have been displaced by the fighting. Responsible for the Sudanese government's sponsorship of rebel militias called the Janjaweed that are carrying out these violent acts, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir already faces criminal charges for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war as well as an arrest warrant from the International Criminal Court. However, al-Bashir has still not been arrested and put on trial. Furthermore, Darfur faces the potential for civil war in South Sudan to completely spill over into Sudan, transforming the humanitarian crisis already occurring in the region into a full-blown war between two neighbor countries with an extremely bitter history.

The Human Rights Council must address the effectiveness of the peace-keeping mission already operated by the United Nations and the Africa Union in the region and decide whether to pursue prosecution for those responsible for violating the human rights of civilians living in Darfur. How can the members of the Human Rights Council unite in order to take effective action that will stop the atrocious violations of human rights occurring in Darfur due to the violence? After stopping the violence, what can the United Nations do to fully establish long-lasting peace and political security in the region?

Note: The United Nations Human Rights Council is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

My name is Anthony Bogachev and I will be your director for the World Bank. I am immensely honored to have the opportunity to work with you, and I know that we will have an amazing and productive time together!

I am currently an undergraduate student at Harvard College and plan on studying Bioengineering. I grew up in Maple Grove, Minnesota, which seemed very isolated from international issues until I joined Debate, Speech, and Model United Nations in high school and realized how interconnected events around the globe can be. Around the same time, I became interested in how learning about the world around us through scientific inquiry could help humans lead healthier, better lives. Global health lies at the intersection of these two seemingly different passions, which means that the topics will be both challenging and interesting. Although the issues we discuss will not be easy to approach, we also have the potential to make a huge impact.

I am incredibly excited to meet everybody and finally begin committee together! Please let me know if you have any questions or concerns.

Best Regards,

Anthony Bogachev
Director, World Bank

Class year: 2019

Hometown: Maple Grove, Minnesota

Favorite place: The North Shore of Lake Superior, Minnesota

Most desired next destination: Instanbul, Turkey

Favorite food: Pasta!

Favorite MUN moment: I’ve had so many incredible MUN moments that it’s difficult to pick one! One of my favorites, however, was walking around a hotel in a king’s robe and crown with a team of guards in order to break a crisis. The shock on everybody’s faces was priceless!

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Kashmir - Led Zeppelin

Advice for new delegates: Beginning a conference can be frightening, but the hardest part is finding the confidence to start. Once you give your first speech or two, pitch an idea during unmoderated caucus, or even just send your first note, everything becomes much, much easier. Everyone can become an incredible delegate once they gain a little bit of momentum, and if you find that that is out of your comfort zone, don’t be afraid to reach out to any staff member. We are all here to help you in any way possible!

Topic Area: Tuberculosis

Despite being both curable and preventable, Tuberculosis claimed 1.5 million lives in 2014. Killing a full half of those infected and left untreated, TB must be a priority in disease eradication efforts, especially considering the threat of drug resistant TB and HIV co-infection. With 95% of cases occurring in developing nations with limited resources, much of the debate concerns distributing resources efficiently without infringing upon the sovereignty of affected nations. Due to economic, social, and military challenges in these nations, the detection of TB and delivery of aid is not nearly as efficient as it could be. In addition, even though the average cost of treatment for a patient with drug-susceptible TB is only $100-$500, it is estimated that the cost for a full, global TB response is $8 billion per year. Delegates will be faced with a wide variety of challenges, such as developing more efficient ways to diagnose patients, finding funding for distribution of treatment, and preventing the spread of drug resistant TB.

Note: The World Bank is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

I am very excited to work with you at Harvard Model United Nations China 2017. I’m Davis Lazowski, director of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. I look forward to hearing your excellent ideas, insights and analysis come spring.

I am a second year student at Harvard, concentrating in Mathematics and Physics. I’m from Canada, but I lived in Hong Kong for several years, and I’m very excited to be returning to China. When I’m not doing math or directing at HMUN China or HMUN Boston, I also debate with the Harvard College Debating Union, and am actively involved with the Harvard-Radcliffe Science Fiction Association. Other hobbies include Go (Weiqi), board games, reading, and listening to punk rock.

I hope the study guide helps you prepare for the conference, and if you have any questions, feel free to email me! See you at the conference,


Davis Lazowski
Director, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Class year: 2019

Hometown: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Favorite place: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Most desired next destination: Sapporo

Favorite food: Mapo Tofu

Favorite MUN moment: I was Palestine, in a UNESCO. We were discussing ways to empower culture using the Internet. Using only extremely on-topic speeches, I still managed to make it all about Palestinian statehood.

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Imperial March

Advice for new delegates: Speak, scheme, get involved! It will be scary, and you might not do that well your first time around. But it will make everything so much more rewarding!

Topic Area: Private Military Contractors

Private military contractors, or PMCs — private companies who provide combat, security or other warfare-related services — are one of the most controversial parts of modern warfare. Many perceive PMCs as highly unethical, because they fight only for money. These concerns have only intensified because of the role of PMCs in the Iraq war, where PMCs were implicated in the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal and in several incidents of innocent civilian death. Furthermore, there are effectiveness concerns. PMCs require no formal training process or certification. Furthermore, PMCs may be less loyal and more likely to leak classified information.

But despite all of these problems, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member nations have been increasingly using PMCs. In the European and North American democracies that comprise NATO, it is often politically easier to use PMCs, because their deployment does not require parliamentary approval. Furthermore, PMC use can be cheaper than maintaining a large standing army.

This NATO committee will consider this complex mix of opportunities and challenges that comes with PMC use. Primarily, it will consider three questions: 1) How can NATO countries ethically use PMCs, if at all?; 2) How can NATO countries ensure that PMCs are well-trained and regulated?; 3) In joint NATO operations, is there a place for PMCs? If so, how? Delegates will be pressed to find an innovative solution that balances all the diverse factors at play.

Note: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

Hello, and welcome to the Organization of American States! My name is Allison Toledo, and I am thrilled to be your Director. Over the course of the HMUN China weekend, you will be acting as member states of the OAS. You will be discussing rural inequalities, negotiating solutions to these critical issues, and addressing any crises that may arise as a result of your handling of the situations. Considering Latin America’s rising status on the world stage, it is an incredibly significant time for the OAS to address internal issues in the Americas in order to continue their states’ upward trajectories in the global standings.

For a little bit about myself, I am a sophomore at Harvard College, most likely concentrating in either Government or Social Studies. My interest in the Organization of American States stems partly from my Ecuadorian heritage as well as my American identity and upbringing. In high school in New Jersey, I was the Head Delegate for two years of my school’s small Model UN team, where I developed a passion for discussing international affairs that has carried over into my college career. At Harvard, I am a Deputy Director for our competitive Model UN team, a Director at both Harvard National Model United Nations and Harvard Model United Nations, a tutor for the Harvard Program for International Education, and a Director at HMUN China. Aside from Model UN, I also advise freshmen and am a member of an a cappella group on campus, the Harvard Lowkeys.

It is a pivotal time for the Americas: You will decide how to combat the inequality between rural and urban communities while keeping cultural, economic, and environmental considerations in mind. Model UN is an incredible forum for debate on pressing international issues such as these, and I have faith that this committee will take on these challenges with confidence and innovation.

I look forward to meeting each of you and exploring these critical issues together! If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me via email.


Allison Toledo
Director, Organization of American States

Class year: 2019

Hometown: Hillsdale, NJ

Favorite place: At home with my family

Most desired next destination: New Zealand

Favorite food: Pizza

Favorite MUN moment: Getting to know more people on our traveling Model UN team (and winning the Best Small Delegation award!) at my first college conference at University of California-Berkeley MUN

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Crazy in Love by Beyonce

Advice for new delegates: Don't be afraid to speak up as much as possible in committee! Committee works best when you contribute your own ideas and come up with solutions alongside your fellow delegates, and once you get your first speech out of the way, you'll feel much more comfortable about speaking. Also, never hesitate to reach out to your Directors if you have any questions at all!

Topic Area: Rural Inequalities

16.7 percent of people in South America, 26.2 percent of people in Central America, 18.4 percent of people in North America, and 29.6 percent of people in the Caribbean live in rural communities. These people commonly experience higher levels of poverty than their urban counterparts, which subsequently affect their prospects for economic development, access to education, and ability to meet their basic food needs.

Many believe that the lack of investment in rural communities in certain areas, such as in health care, education, and infrastructure, lead to these vast inequalities. Some suggest that developing and industrializing these rural communities may narrow the gap between rural and urban areas, giving families a chance to overcome poverty. Yet others believe that such industrialization would have too large of an environmental cost, as it would contribute to pollution and prevent sustainable land management. Further, indigenous communities are disproportionately affected by rural poverty: the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women reports that half of indigenous peoples living on reserves in the country are poor, three out of four indigenous peoples in Guatemala are affected by poverty, and indigenous communities in Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador are the poorest in the region.

How will you find a solution to these rural inequalities? How will you balance the need to alleviate poverty while keeping cultural identities alive and preventing environmental harm? These are questions you’ll have the opportunity to explore further in committee.

Note: The Organization of American States is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

As Director of the Futuristic Shanghai Cooperation Organization, 2025, it is my pleasure to welcome you to HMUN China 2017. I am thrilled to be at the helm of such a unique and cutting-edge committee. Regardless of your level of experience with Model UN, I am confident that you will find the FSCO’s mix of technology, policy, and crisis to be both challenging and rewarding.

I am a junior at Harvard, where I study the interdisciplinary intersection between computers, language, and cognition as part of the Mind, Brain, and Behavior program. Besides Model UN, I’m involved with the Harvard Society for Mind, Brain, and Behavior. In my free time, I love skiing, playing music, and rowing on the Charles River. I joined the Harvard International Relations Council in my freshman year, and thoroughly enjoy the opportunity Model UN affords me to apply my interests in science and technology to the wider world.

While the FSCO is a futuristic committee, the topics you will be addressing are of mounting international significance today. With society becoming more and more reliant on the internet, cyberterrorism poses an increasing threat to governance and stability in the twenty-first century. It is my hope that this committee will challenge you to consider how technology and economic development will impact the state of international affairs in the near future.

If you have any questions or concerns about the format or substance of the Futuristic Shanghai Cooperation Organization, please do not hesitate to reach out to me at I look forward to meeting you all in March.


Gabriel Grand
Director, Futuristic Shanghai Cooperation Organization, 2025

Class year: 2018

Hometown: Pelham, New York

Favorite place: Cinque Terre, Italy

Most desired next destination: Queenstown, New Zealand

Favorite food: Chocolate strawberries

Favorite MUN moment: Being attacked at the dais by an army of killer construction bots.

Song that plays when I walk into committee: "Real Friends" by Kanye West

Advice for new delegates: Introduce yourself to the director and staff! Aside from helping us to remember you in committee, it's great to get to know delegates on a more personal level. The best time to do this is after the first committee session is over.

Topic Area: Cyber-terrorism

In January, 2010, workers at the Natanz nuclear facility in Iran noticed that dozens of the plant’s uranium-enriching centrifuges were inexplicably failing. Closer inspection revealed that the computers at Natanz had been infected by STUXNET, a computer worm that ultimately damaged almost 1,000 Iranian centrifuges. Later reports by The New York Times and Edward Snowden revealed that the Israeli and U.S. governments had created STUXNET in order to stymie Iran’s nuclear program, but soon lost control of the virus. STUXNET spread to Windows PCs across the web, infecting the networks of power plants, traffic control systems, and factories around the world. To this day, STUXNET remains in the wild, where anyone can download the code and repurpose the virus.

The STUXNET incident demonstrates that the fuzzy line between warfare and terrorism in the real world extends to cyberspace. As more and more of our communication, commerce, and government activities take place on the internet, the threat of cyberterrorism becomes increasingly serious. In the early twenty-first century, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s (SCO) Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS) produced several important resolutions relating to countering the threat of cyber attacks. In 2009, RATS defined an “information war” as an effort by a state to undermine another’s “political, economic, and social systems” and denounced such an attempt as an international security threat.

Despite these efforts, the internet remains a lawless frontier that poses many unanswered questions of governance: Whose responsibility is it to ensure that our digital networks are safe from hackers? How should the international community go about investigating and prosecuting cases of cyberterrorism that transcend geographical borders? Complicating matters, a number of key SCO players, like Russia and China, have themselves been accused of engaging in hacking and cyber-espionage. Thus, attempts to achieve international cooperation for the sake of cyber defense may run aground of individual national interests. In creating policy to address cyberterrorism, delegates must confront the tension between self-interest and unity inherent in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

Note: The Futuristic Shanghai Cooperation Organization is a single-topic committee.

Dear Delegates,

Hello, and welcome to Historical Security Council, 1991!

I am so excited to be directing Historical Security Council with a focus on the Gulf War of 1991. The Gulf War (also called the First Gulf War and the Second Gulf War—an indication of the complicated place the war has in history) lasted only for a few months in 1990 and 1991 but had its roots in decades of events in the Middle East and lasting consequences that continue to be felt today. This committee will examine, from the perspective of the United Nations Security Council—an important player in the war—not only the military dimension of the war but also the policy reasons for various countries’ decisions, the economic considerations and effects of the war, and ultimately the deeply personal consequences of the international community’s action on people across the region. As members of the Security Council, you will also have the opportunity to examine the underlying tensions of the international coalition that fought against Saddam Hussein’s Iraq and to decide for yourselves what exactly the “international community” is or means.

A little about me, from Brooklyn, New York City, I am a junior at Harvard College concentrating in History and Literature with a focus in America. Outside of school, I teach dance to Cambridge middle-school students through a Harvard organization named CityStep and am involved in various international relations programs on campus. I am a member of Harvard’s traveling MUN team, serve as Under-Secretary General for the Specialized Agencies for HNMUN, and will be crisis-directing a committee at HMUN 2017 in Boston. In my ever-shrinking free time, I like to run, explore New York City, and watch really terrible movies.

I look forward to meeting all of you in March, and encourage you to reach out if you have any questions or if you just want to introduce yourself!


Anne Warnke
Director, Historical Security Council

Class year: 2018

Hometown: Brooklyn, New York

Favorite place: Prospect Park, Brooklyn

Most desired next destination: Vietnam

Favorite food: Bagels

Favorite MUN moment:Hanging out with friends in the crisis-staff room at Harvard National Model United Nations and getting excited about obscure crises we were planning for our delegates.

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Crazy, by Gnarles Barkley

Advice for new delegates: Do not wait too long to make your first speech. The sooner you get involved in debate, the easier it will be! Also, try to have fun. If you're having fun in committee, you'll be more engaged!

Topic Area: Gulf War, 1991

In the early days of 1991, the Gulf WGulf Warar drew the attention, resources, and troops of much of the international community. The war began in August 1990, when Saddam Hussein ordered the Iraqi military to invade Kuwait, claiming that Kuwait had violated the agreements of former OPEC arrangements, was taking oil from the Iraqi-owned Rumaila field, and should forgive Iraq’s debts. But the backstory for Iraq’s invasion extends long before 1990 and has its roots in layers of complicated factors. Much of the international community had its own vested interests in Iraq, Kuwait, and bordering countries, leading, in part, to the willingness to form an international coalition against Saddam’s army. In 1990, the United Nations Security Council also played a role in the lead-up to war with the passage of Resolution 678 on 29 November, giving Saddam Hussein the deadline of 15 January, 1991 to withdraw from Kuwait and authorizing the use of necessary force in the event of his refusal.

This is the backdrop for this meeting of the Security Council on 16 January, 1991. The Security Council and the fifteen countries sitting on the body in 1991 must decide, both as a body and individually, whether they will continue to support the international coalition fighting Iraq. The Security Council and its members must also decide what non-war measures they want to take, including the imposition of economic sanctions on Iraq and other countries supporting Iraq, and how they want to deal with the repercussions of a war.Gulf War

Note: The Historical Security Council is a single-topic committee.

"Dear Delegates,

It is my distinct honor to welcome you to HMUN China 2017. More specifically, it is my pleasure to be your chair for Captains of American Industry, a particularly important historical committee that has implications for our present society.

I would like to begin by telling you a bit about myself. I originally hail from Cape Elizabeth, a small but well-traveled suburb on the coast of Maine, a state known for its endless natural beauty and its kind and adventurous population. Upon leaving my quiet Maine life behind, I have since made it through three semesters at Harvard College, having recently declared a double major in Government and Germanic Languages and Literatures with a minor in Environmental Science and Public Policy. My academic and professional interests have naturally bled into my extracurricular life. I am involved in various forms of Model United Nations on campus, leading the United Nations Environmental Programme in Lima, Peru at HNMUN Latin America 2017, serving as the Director of Angela Merkel’s Cabinet at HMUN 2017, filling in as an Assistant Director to the Cabinet of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh at HNMUN 2017, and traveling as a delegate on Harvard’s Intercollegiate Model United Nations team. This past semester, I had the pleasure of traveling to Georgetown University and the University of Pennsylvania to compete alongside a fierce delegation at some of the finest conferences in the country (of course, none rank above HNMUN, the so-called Super Bowl of Model UN).

I am especially excited to be chairing this specialized committee. The intersection of economic, political, and social issues will demand immense scrutiny from delegates in this committee. How will one navigate through this complex landscape during the Gilded Age? Will self-interest triumph over common interests or societal concerns, or vice versa? Just how much do these titans of industry impact our nation as we know it? These are just some of the ambitious questions that we will address and discover in committee during our endeavors in mid-March. Come prepared for some engaging debate, and be ready to shape the future of industry near the end of the nineteenth century!


Daniel Menz
Director, Captains of American Industry

Class year: 2019

Hometown: Cape Elizabeth, Maine

Favorite place: Top of Mt. Katahdin in Maine

Most desired next destination: Austria

Favorite food: Steak

Favorite MUN moment: Portraying Angela Merkel in an expert witness role for the Constituent Assembly of Myanmar at HMUN 2017. I was voted "most dashing Expert Witness" for my performance.

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Closer ft. Leimitaire

Advice for new delegates: Come prepared and ready to tackle concrete issues that will test your knowledge of how international economic and political systems operate. Proper research prior to conference will allow you to speak as an expert to the issues that will come up during committee. Most importantly, be prepared to have fun. Speak up as much as possible. Not everything you say has to be ingenious and groundbreaking, but speaking and engaging with your fellow delegates right off the bat will provide you with momentum for the rest of the conference.

The members of the Captains of American Industry committee are the business leaders, entrepreneurs, and inventors that controlled the most important and powerful corporations in the United States in 1887. During that era, known as the “Gilded Age,” there were very few restrictions on how businesses could behave or how large they could grow. The central government of the U.S. had little influence over corporations, as many of the laws that currently govern business and the economy had not yet been passed. In this context, a small number of individuals rose to positions of enormous economic influence who, together, controlled large portions of the steel, oil, transportation, publishing, and manufacturing industries. But starting in the 1880s, the U.S. government, labor unions, and populist political parties began to challenge the power of these captains of industry. In this committee, delegates will individually and collectively develop strategies to maintain their dominance of the American economy; in doing so, they will explore the relationship between economic and political influence, and learn about the difficulties that governments face when they attempt to regulate the actions of powerful business leaders or the behavior and structure of large corporations.

Note: Captains of American Industry, 1887 is a single-topic committee. This is an application-only, continual crisis committee.

Dear Delegates,

My name is Tout Tun Lin and it is my distinct pleasure to welcome you to the Constituent Assembly of Myanmar. I am a sophomore at the College potentially concentrating in Social Studies or Anthropology. On campus, I am mostly involved in programs under the International Relations Councils; I am staffing Harvard National Model United Nations, our MUN conference for college students, as well as HMUN, our sister conference in Boston. I am so excited to meet you guys and to witness how you will shape the future of a federalist Myanmar.

To give a brief background about my interests in Myanmar politics, I was born and raised in Myanmar and only recently moved to the States to attend college. When my parents were my age, a military coup d’état occurred, and the newly decolonized nation, once thought of as the “jewel of Asia”, isolated itself from the rest of the world. Until recently, discussing Myanmar politics in Myanmar could land you in jail for more than 10 years Naturally, this made me more curious about the oppressive political culture that exists in Myanmar. The Constituent Assembly will take place in present time (and, as luck would have it, when the Hluttaw convenes); it will be most rewarding to compare and contrast the similarities and differences of the directives passed by our committee and the directives passed by the Myanmar Parliament.

As members of the Constituent Assembly, we will draft a federal constitution to unify the seven states and seven divisions under Myanmar. We will discuss ethnic reconciliation and equal representation of minorities in Hluttaw, negotiate resource and revenue sharing, land rights, and division of power among states. We will also create autonomous regions and demilitarize armed rebel groups. As we debate and write directives, our crisis directors will be hard at work creating scenarios based on the consequences of your proposed mandates. You will have to respond to the crises in a timely fashion or risk destroying the fragile peace between the central government and the armed ethnic groups. This committee will be extremely fast-paced, challenging, and thoroughly enjoyable. At the end of our conference, I hope you will have learned the intricacies of ethnic politics, the reality of negotiations, and the structure of the political scene in South East Asia.

I cannot wait to meet you guys in the spring; we are going to have an amazing time together at conference.


Tout Tun Lin
Director, Constituent Assembly of Myanmar

Class year: 2019

Hometown: Yangon

Favorite place: Bagan

Most desired next destination: Maldives

Favorite food: French Fries

Favorite MUN moment: A delegate gave us hand-written notes

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Locked out of Heaven

Advice for new delegates: First impressions are important, especially if you are in a huge committee. If you know you are not good at giving impromptu speeches, make sure you plan ahead so you leave a good impression.

The Constituent Assembly of Myanmar will discuss the issue of creating a federal system in Myanmar

When Myanmar gained independence in 1948, ethnic nationalities demanded a federal union be enshrined in the new constitution in accordance with the promises of General Aung San and the Panglong Agreement. However, a genuine federal state was never achieved, even under the first civilian government – instead, they maintained the extractive institutions of their former oppressors. Ethnic nationalities were dissatisfied, to say the least. The Karen were the first ethnic group that revolted, and at least 20 other ethnic armed organizations launched separate insurgencies. However, the military efficiently suppressed these secessionist movements with incredible violence.

After more than 50 year of military oppression, Myanmar held its first free election in March of 2017. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, daughter of General Aung San, and her party, the National League for Democracy, won by a landslide and now controls more than 60% of the parliament. As Myanmar goes through its democratic transition, the nation must reconcile with numerous ethnic groups it has oppressed for decades. In addition, it must uphold the original agreement of establishing a federal constitution that equally protects all ethnic groups under the law.

The Constituent Assembly of Myanmar will draft a federal constitution, concurrent with the peace negotiations for the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement that aim to bring peace among all ethnic armed groups. This constitution will provide a political solution that can give ethnic nationalities equal rights. We will discuss issues of self-determined land rights, division of central and state authority, equal distribution of resource and revenue, and equal representation in the Hluttaw. The Assembly will also have to handle foreign influences that could potentially shape the future economy of Myanmar. If the Constituent Assembly does not work efficiently, and fastidiously, the entire Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement may come crumbling down, and with it Myanmar’s dreams for democracy.

Note: This is an application-only, continual crisis committee.

Dear Delegates,

My name is Kyle Sargent, and I’m very excited to welcome you to the Greek Ministerial Council. As a rising sophomore at Harvard, I’m currently studying Mathematics and Computer Science. Outside of the classroom, I am highly involved in the International Relations Council, an extracurricular umbrella organization that encompasses Harvard’s traveling Model UN team, of which I am also a member. At HMUN China 2017, you’ll be a part of the Contemporary Greek Ministerial Council, a group of Greece’s most powerful bureaucrats responsible for overseeing its most influential ministries. Currently, Greece is plagued by economic troubles and a massive influx of refugees. The country will look to you for answers.

I’ll begin by explaining how this committee came about. When I arrived at Harvard in the fall of 2015, I originally intended to study economics. In high school I was very passionate about the field, and wrote several papers about fiscal and monetary policy for state- and national-level competitions. Many of these papers concerned central banking and the Eurozone, with emphasis on the role of particular countries like Germany or Ireland. As I dug deeper into the budgets and balance sheets of faltering Western democracies and their central banks, I realized the stories told by the numbers therein were incomplete. In fact, as I came to realize, the economic plight of a country like Greece has deeply political elements. The European Union has a vested interest in Greece’s fiscal health, and this force often finds itself in opposition to popular sentiment in Greece against austerity and contractionary fiscal policy. My belief is that Model UN lends itself well to this issue, because any viable solution to it will require both technical expertise and political savvy.

The Greek refugee crisis is another ongoing issue that will require your attention at conference. Unlike the protracted economic downturn, the refugee crisis has a much more immediate and emotionally visceral character. But the problems related to refugees that you’ll face in this committee, like those international leaders face every day, will not have clear-cut, morally unambiguous solutions. Often, proposals to house and care for refugees will earn the ire of your constituents. Integrating them into society and finding them employment could prove expensive or politically unpopular. Accepting too few refugees may anger your overburdened European allies, and accepting too many may allow them to leak through your borders westward. Arriving at acceptable solutions to this issue will require a delicately tuned moral compass and much allowance for practical considerations.

I am very much looking forward to seeing how you tackle these issues, as they are by no means unique to Greece. If you have any questions please contact me via my committee email and I will address them to the best of my ability.


Kyle Sargent
Director, Greek Ministerial Council

Class year: 2019

Hometown: Chicago, IL

Favorite place: St. Peter's Basilica

Most desired next destination: Singapore

Favorite food: Cuban Sandwich

Favorite MUN moment: Asking a good question that stumps the writer of a resolution

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Battle Without Honor or Humanity - Tomoyasu Hotei

Advice for new delegates: Do your research, relax, find an experienced delegate to align yourself with and learn the ropes.

Topic A: Greece's Economic Recession

At the heels of the global recession, Greece fell into an economic crisis of unprecedented proportions, from which it has yet to recover fully. As Greece entered the Euro, it was allowed to acquire an enormous amount of debt at relatively low interest rates, allowing shortsighted governments to pursue unsustainable government policies and projects. The true nature of Greece’s abysmal fiscal situation was not revealed until after the 2009 recession, when it became evident that Greek government officials had deliberately concealed the state of their financial affairs.

Once it became abundantly clear that the Greeks had mismanaged their finances, the European Union had to step in to help Greece pay back its debts and salvage the Euro. A series of bailouts spearheaded by Germany ensured that Greece would repay its debts, but not without a cost. Greece was forced to get its finances in order via draconian austerity measures, which angered a populace that had become reliant on easy money and profligate government expenditure. Riding on the wave of popular discontent, several extremist parties on the right and left (Golden Dawn, Syriza) grew in size and came to the fore of Greek politics.

The current Prime Minister, Alexis Tsipras of Syriza, ran on a platform of bringing austerity to an end, but was unable to deliver once elected, and was forced to negotiate with Germany. Weak economic recovery continues to stir popular discontent.

Topic B: Refugees

As Greece has struggled to get its economic act together, refugees have piled on its shores in record amounts with the intention of slipping through its porous borders and entering the European Union. As Greece struggles to cope with the influx, it has earned the ire of its northern neighbors, who have closed their borders in response, putting the Schengen area enshrined by the principle of free movement at risk.

While the economic crisis is serious, the refugee crisis has far deeper ethical ramifications as Greeks and Europeans alike are being forced to ask themselves what it truly means to be a citizen of the European Union. In proposing and enacting solutions to the refugee crisis, delegates will be forced to strike a delicate balance between preserving the Greek national identity without losing their humanity.

Dear Delegates,

It is with great pleasure that I welcome you all to the Harvard Model United Nations China 2017!

My name is Pavan Hegde and I am very excited to be the director of the Non-Governmental Organizations Programme. As a member of this committee you will be challenged to engage in many pressing and controversial issues. The topics you will discuss have been handpicked to challenge and motivate you at this year’s conference, and I have no doubt that you will all enjoy this experience. I look forward to an intelligent and engaging debate. In addition to this, you will be required to assist other delegates in their various topics to lend your expertise in their resolutions. I am sure it will be a worthwhile and enjoyable experience.

I am a second-year student at Harvard College and I major in Applied Mathematics and Economics. I have been part of Model UN for 2 years now and have been competing with the Intercollegiate Model UN Team. Other than MUN, I am engaged in the Harvard Debating Union and the Harvard College Consulting Group. In my free time, I enjoy listening to music, playing tennis and cycling.

I hope that the study guide will prove to be a useful resource as you begin to prepare for the conference. I look forward to meeting all of you at the conference.


Pavan Hegde
Non-Governmental Organizations Programme

Class year: 2018

Hometown: Hong Kong

Favorite place: Koh Samui, Thailand

Most desired next destination: Bora Bora

Favorite food: Thai

Favorite MUN moment: Sitting with the team at the end of a long day packed with committees and talking about all we have achieved and what more we can do the following day

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Back in Black by ACDC

Advice for new delegates: Don't be afraid to work with others but also make sure you voice your opinion! Remember to include yourself with the discussions happening in the committee and be confident!

It is no surprise that HIV/AIDS rate has grown exponentially over the last decade in Sub Saharan Africa. A continent plagued with the lack of cheap, effective medicine, contraception, or effective medical care, Africa desperately needs help soon. NGOs can help by strategically coordinating resources, information and political capital to truly make a difference. This topic is about how NGOs manage the following issues in Sub Saharan Africa with respect to HIV/AIDS:

1) Adjusting in all fashions to a developing world

Many NGOs are headed up by western individuals which proves to be a barrier while working with members in a developing world. It is difficult for the recipients of aid to connect with or even understand members who are not part of their social communities. How will NGOs restructure to provide the most impact for their communities?

2) Improving Allocation of Funding

NGOs have the resources to put in place structures that can really help the AIDS problem in the region. But how do they strategically coordinate so as to build a sustainable system that can manage even after they leave. How do NGOs work on an international scale to allocate funding from wealthy donors to African communities in an impactful way? NGO delegates will be required to work in other committees and so need to decide what is the most effective way to split their budget.

3) Balancing Efficiency, management and strategic responsibility

NGOs are required to work with other NGOs in almost every project they undertake. What governs the NGOs and how do they ensure they maintain professionalism, quality and good collaboration? In addition to this, how do NGOs strictly regulate themselves in areas of spreading medicine, education and information? These are all issues that NGOs need to discuss together.

The above issues look at the HIV/AIDS problem in a different perspective and focus solely on how NGOs can create a collaborative effort to create the most strategic impact. While working on this topic, NGO delegates will be required to assist other committees and lend their experience and expertise.

Note: This is an application-only committee.

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to the Press Corps! My name is Shunn Theingi and I am thrilled to serve as your Director for Harvard Model United Nations China 2017. I am currently a junior at Harvard College, concentrating in Integrative Biology with a secondary in Government. Originally hailing from Yangon, Myanmar, I now call NYC home.

Apart from my involvement in staffing HMUN Boston and China conferences, I am involved in the Peer Advising Fellow Program. In addition, I dance in and help build the set for Ghungroo, the largest student-run South Asian dance production on campus. In my spare time, I love to sing and dance along to pop music, play volleyball, and indulge my (slight) Candy Crush obsession.

Press Corps is an indispensable part of the HMUN experience because it demonstrates what a critical role the press plays in international affairs. The press works tirelessly to gather information about all sides of an international issues and presents it to its audience in a comprehensive fashion. In turn, this allows the public to stay informed and to respond promptly to current international affairs. During conference, you will have the opportunity to practice your interpersonal skills, writing skills, and analytical thinking skills in pursuit of quality journalism about the on-goings of all the various committees. I hope you are as excited as I am to be a part of the Press Corps. In the meantime, please do not hesitate to reach out to me with any questions or concerns.


Shunn Theingi
Director, Press Corps

Class year: 2018

Hometown: New York City

Favorite place: My Bed

Most desired next destination: Beach

Favorite food: Sushi

Favorite MUN moment: Too many to recount

Song that plays when I walk into committee: Idk

Any Advice for New Delegates? Don't be scared to ask questions! Your experience will be what you make of it, so be courageous and make the best of it. The conference will be an amazing opportunity to learn about some of the issues that the world faces together. I hope that you'll challenge yourself!

Press Corps will play the crucial role of gathering and reporting information about the proceedings of all the other committees in a fair, unbiased, and prompt fashion at the conference. The articles that delegates write have the potential to shape the course of debate, to persuade opposing factions to compromise, to introduce new perspectives, and so much more. Delegates will get to host press conferences, conduct interviews, participate in crises, report breaking news, write opinion pieces, and stay informed about all the different committees. Representing specific news agencies, they will have access to creating a wide array of medium, ranging from online news articles to blog posts to video broadcasts to Twitter, which will serve to keep other delegates, staff, and faculty advisors updated about the happenings of HMUN China 2017. In doing so, delegates will gain an understanding and appreciation for the key role that the press plays in the international affairs arena; they will also acquire and develop the qualities and skills that a good journalist possesses.

Note: This is an application-only committee.


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